[CLJ-1277] Speed up printing of time instants by adding type hints Created: 10/Oct/13  Updated: 12/Oct/15  Resolved: 12/Oct/15

Status: Closed
Project: Clojure
Component/s: None
Affects Version/s: Release 1.5
Fix Version/s: Release 1.8

Type: Enhancement Priority: Major
Reporter: Andy Fingerhut Assignee: Unassigned
Resolution: Completed Votes: 1
Labels: ft, performance

Attachments: Text File clj-1277-1.txt    
Patch: Code
Approval: Ok


There are several occurrences of reflection in instant.clj that slow down the printing of time instants.

Clojure Google group conversation link: https://mail.google.com/mail/u/0/?shva=1#label/clojure/1419e1e6f6cc5b3d

The addition of a few type hints is enough to speed the printing of time instants by a factor of about 3 to 4.5, in a few small benchmarks.

Patch: clj-1277-1.txt
Screened by: Alex Miller

Comment by Andy Fingerhut [ 10/Oct/13 12:07 AM ]

Patch clj-1277-1.txt adds 4 type hints that eliminate all reflection occurrences in source file instant.clj. Benchmarks show that it speeds up printing of java.util.Date and java.sql.Timestamp objects by a factor of about 3 to 4.5.

Latest Clojure master as of Oct 9 2013:

user=> (time (let [d (java.util.Date.)] (dotimes [i 3000000] (pr-str d))))
"Elapsed time: 24094.282 msecs"
user=> (import 'java.sql.Timestamp)
user=> (time (let [d (java.sql.Timestamp. 1300000000000)] (dotimes [i 2000000] (pr-str d))))
"Elapsed time: 20856.957 msecs"

That version of Clojure plus the patch clj-1277-1.txt:

user=> (time (let [d (java.util.Date.)] (dotimes [i 3000000] (pr-str d))))
"Elapsed time: 5085.847 msecs"
user=> (time (let [d (java.sql.Timestamp. 1300000000000)] (dotimes [i 2000000] (pr-str d))))
"Elapsed time: 7582.233 msecs"

Comment by Alexander Kiel [ 10/Oct/13 4:54 AM ]

Thanks for the patch Andy. But I don't like the (set! warn-on-reflection true). I think its better to use it only in the dev profile in leiningen. Not in real production code.

Comment by Andy Fingerhut [ 10/Oct/13 4:06 PM ]

Alexander, Leiningen is not used for building Clojure itself. The two supported choices are Maven and ant. Several Clojure source files, e.g. core/protocols.clj and core/reducers.clj, set warn-on-reflection to true, I believe so that if code is changed in such a way as to introduce a warning, it will be caught more quickly.

If the screeners or Rich think it is inappropriate, it is easy enough to remove.

Comment by Alex Miller [ 10/Oct/13 4:48 PM ]

Setting that is not uncommon in core clojure code and seems fine to me here.

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